Five Zang and Six Fu Organs

2019-01-17


Visceral Manifestations

 

Outline

1. The theory of visceral manifestations

2. Five zang

3. Six fu

4. Extraordinary fu organs

 

Texts and notes

1. An overview of theory of visceral manifestations

1.1. The basic concepts and characteristics of visceral manifestations

1.2. The formation basis of the theory of visceral manifestations

(1). Knowledge of the ancient anatomy

(2). Long-term observation of the life practice

(3). Penetration of the ancient philosophical thought

(4). Accumulation of the experience of medical practice

1.3. The physiological characteristics and clinical significance of the five zang, six fu, and extra ordinary fu organs

1.4. Concept of the zangfu, essence, and yin yang

(1). Essence of zangfu

(2). Qi of zangfu

(3). Yin yang of zangfu

 

2. Five zang

2.1. The heart

(1). Physiological functions

Dominating the blood and vessels

Housing the mind

(2). Physiological characteristics

Being a yang zang and dominating the clearance of mind

Heart qi going down

(3). Relations with the appearance, sense organs, emotion, fluid, and season

Relating to vessels and manifesting on the face

Opening into the tongue

Relating with the emotional factor, joy

Relating with the fluid, sweat

Relating with the season, summer

 

Appendix: The pericardium

 

2.2. The lung

(1). Physiological functions

Dominating qi and controlling respiration

Dominating the regulating of water metabolism

Dominating the converging of vessels and regulating the respiration, qi activity, blood, and water of whole body

(2). Physiological characteristics

The lung is a canopy.

The lung is a weak and delicate organ.

Dominating dispersing and descending

(3). Relations with the appearance, sense organs, emotion, fluid, and season

Relating to skin and manifesting on the skin hair

Opening into the nose

Relating with the emotional factor, grief (and melancholy)

Relating with the fluid, nasal mucus

Relating with the season, autumn

 

2.3. The spleen

(1). Physiological functions

Governing transportation and transformation

Controlling blood

(2). Physiological characteristics

The spleen qi ascends.

The spleen prefers dryness to dampness.

The spleen is a lonely organ.

The physiological functions of spleen essence, qi, yin, and yang

(3). Relations with the appearance, sense organs, emotion, fluid, and season

Relating to muscles and manifesting on the limbs

Opening into the mouth and manifesting on the lips

Relating with the emotional factor, worry

Relating with the fluid, saliva

Relating with the season, late summer

 

2.4. The liver

(1). Physiological functions

Maintaining the free flow of qi

Storing blood

(2). Physiological characteristics

The liver is a strong and hot temper organ.

The liver qi ascends.

The physiological functions of liver blood, qi, yin, and yang

(3). Relations with the appearance, sense organs, emotion, fluid, and season

Relating to muscles and tendons, manifesting on the nails

Opening into the eye

Relating with the emotional factor, anger

Relating with the fluid, tear

Relating with the season, spring

 

2.5. The kidney

(1). Physiological functions

Storing essence and dominating development and reproduction, and qi function of zangfu

Dominating water metabolism

Receiving qi

(2). Physiological characteristics

Dominating hiding and storing ministerial fire

Kidney qi ascending

The physiological functions of kidney essence, qi, yin, and yang

(3). Relations with the appearance, sense organs, emotion, fluid, and season

Relating to bone, manufacturing marrow, and manifesting on the hair

Opening into the ear and anterior and posterior orifices

Relating with the emotional factors, fright and fear

Relating with the fluid, saliva

Relating with the season, winter

 

Appendix: Mingmen

1. Form of Mingmen

2. Location of Mingmen

(1). The kidney on the right side is Mingmen

(2). The two kidneys are collectively termed as Mingmen

(3). The genuine qi stored between the two kidneys is Mingmen

3. Function of Mingmen

(1). Dominating fire

(2). Dominating water and fire

(3). The genuine qi stored between the two kidneys

 

3. Six fu

3.1. Gall bladder

(1). Physiological characteristics

(2). Physiological functions

Store and excrete bile

Control the power of decisions

 

3.2. Stomach

(1). Physiological functions

Receive and decompose food

Digest food for the first step

(2). Physiological characteristics

Stomach qi goes down. 

Stomach prefers being moistened.

(3). Meaning and physiological functions of stomach fluid, qi, yin, and yang

Stomach fluid

Stomach qi

Stomach yin

Stomach yang

 

3.3. Small intestine

Physiological functions

Receive and digest food

Separate the clear from the turbid

Send the water to the bladder

 

3.4. Large intestine

Physiological functions

Receive the waste material sent down from the small intestine

Absorb the water of food residual

 

3.5. Bladder

Physiological functions

Storing urine   

Discharging urine

 

3.6. Triple energizer

a. Sanjiao — a fu organ

b. Sanjiao — three parts of the body

(1). Physiological functions

A pathway of qi

A pathway of water

(2). Three parts of the body and their physiological characteristics

Upper Jiao 

Middle Jiao

Lower Jiao

 

4. Extraordinary fu organs

4.1. Brain

(1). Physiological functions

Dominating the life activities

Dominating the spiritual activities

Dominating the sensorimotor activities 

(2). Relations with zangfu and essence

 

4.2. Uterus

(1). Physiological functions

Preside over menstruation

Nourish the foetus

(2). Relations with zangfu and meridians

Relation with Tiangui

Relation with meridians

Relation with zangfu

 

Catalogue

The Relations among the Zangfu Organs

 

Outline

1. The Relations among the Zang Organs

2. The Relations between Zang and Fu Organs

3. The Relations among the Fu Organs

 

Texts and notes

1. The Relations among the Zang Organs

1.1. The heart and lung

1.2. The heart and spleen

1.3. The heart and liver

1.4. The heart and kidney

1.5. The lung and spleen

1.6. The lung and liver

1.7. The lung and kidney

1.8. The liver and spleen

1.9. The liver and kidney

1.10. The spleen and kidney

2. The Relations between Zang and Fu Organs

3. The Relations among the Fu Organs


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