Meridians and Points

2019-01-18


 General Introduction to the Meridians and Collaterals

 

Outline

1. Concept

2. Composition

2.1. The twelve regular meridians

2.2. The eight extra meridians

2.3. The fifteen collaterals

2.4. The twelve divergent meridians

2.5. The twelve muscle regions

2.6. The twelve cutaneous regions

3. Biao Ben, Gen Jie, Qi Jie, and Si Hai of the meridians and collaterals

4. Functions of the meridians and collaterals and clinical application of the theory of the meridians and collaterals

4.1. Functions of the meridians and collaterals

4.2. Clinical application of the theory of the meridians and collaterals

 

Texts and notes:

1. Concept of the meridians and collaterals

2. Composition

2.1. The twelve regular meridians

(1). Nomenclature of the twelve regular meridians

(2). Distribution of the twelve regular meridians

(3). External-internal relationship of the twelve regular meridians

(4). Interrelationship between the twelve regular meridians and Zang-fu organs

(5). Laws of the running courses and connection of the twelve regular meridians

(6). The cyclical flow of qi in the twelve regular meridians

2.2. The eight extra meridians

2.3. The fifteen collaterals

2.4. The twelve divergent meridians

2.5. The twelve muscle regions

2.6. The twelve cutaneous regions

3. Biao Ben (superficiality and origin), Gen Jie (root and knot), Qi Jie (Qi pathway), Si Hai (four Seas) of the meridians

4. Functions of the meridians and collaterals and clinical application of the theory of the meridians and collaterals

4.1. Functions of the meridians and collaterals

4.2. Clinical application of the theory of the meridians and collaterals

 

 

An Introduction to Acupoints

 

Outline 

1. Concept, classification, nomenclature, and laws and therapeutic properties of acupoints

2. Methods of locating acupoints

 

Texts and notes

1. Concept of acupoints  

 

2. Development, classification and nomenclature of acupoints

2.1. Development of acupoints

2.2. Classification of acupoints

(1). Points of the fourteen meridians 

(2). Extra points  

(3). A-shi points 

2.3. Nomenclature of acupoints

(1). Based on locations

(2). Based on therapeutic properties

(3). Based on astronomical and geomorphological conditions

(4). Names bearing analogy to animals, plants or utensils

(5). Names bearing analogy to architectural structure

(6). Based on TCM theories

 

3. Laws and therapeutic properties of acupoints

3.1. Therapeutic properties of acupoints

(1). The local and adjacent therapeutic properties

(2). The remote therapeutic properties

(3). Special therapeutic properties

3.2. Therapeutic laws of acupoints

(1). Indication laws of acupoints according to the meridians

(2). Area indication laws of acupoints

 

4. Specific points (refer to the Chapter Specific Points and Their Applications)

 

5. Methods of locating acupoints

5.1. Method of locating points according to anatomical landmarks

(1). Fixed landmarks

(2). Moving landmarks

5.2. Proportional measurement

5.3. Finger measurement

(1). Middle finger measurement

(2). Thumb measurement

(3). Four-finger measurement

5.4. Simple measurement

 

Specific Points

 

Text and annotation

1. Overview

2. Five Shu Points

2.1. Distribution

Table 1. Five Shu Points of Yin Meridians

Table 2. Five Shu Points of Yang Meridians

2.2. Application

Table 3. Yin Meridians’ Mother and Son Points for Reinforcing and Reducing

Table 4. Yang Meridians’ Mother and Son Points for Reinforcing and Reducing

3. Yuan-Primary Points and Luo-Connecting Points

3.1. Distribution

Table 5. Yuan-Primary Points and Luo-Connecting Points

3.2. Application

Table 6. Yuan-Primary Points and Luo-Connecting Points Used in Combination

4. Back-Shu Points and Front-Mu Points

4.1. Distribution

4.2. Application

Table 7. Back-Shu Points and Front-Mu Points

5. Eight Confluent Points of the Eight Extra Meridians

5.1. Distribution

5.2. Application

Table 8. Eight Confluent Points of the Eight Extra Meridians

6. Eight Influential Points

6.1. Distribution

6.2. Application

7. Xi-Cleft Points

7.1. Distribution

7.2. Application

Table 9. Xi-Cleft Points

8. Lower He-Sea Points

Table 10. Lower He-Sea Points

8.2. Application

9. Crossing Points

9.1. Distribution

9.2. Application

 

Meridians and Points 

 

Outline

The running courses of meridians have internal relations with the indications of their points.

Of the 361 points, the locations and indications of the commonly used points, and the manipulations of needling and moxibustion treatment at these points need to be mastered.

1. Twelve main meridians

2. Eight extra meridians

3. Fifteen collaterals

4. Commonly used extra points

 

Texts and notes

Section one  The Twelve Main Meridians   

 

1. The Lung Meridian of Hand-Taiyin 手太阴肺经

(1). Zhōngfǔ (LU 1), Front-Mu point of the lung

(2). Chizé (LU 5), He-Sea point

(3). Kǒngzuì (LU 6), Xi-Cleft point

(4). Lìeqūe (LU 7), Luo-Connecting point, Confluent point (confluent with Rèn-Conception Vessel)

(5).  Tàiyuān (LU 9), Shu-Stream point, Yuan-Primary point, Influential point of vessels

(6). Yújì (LU 10), Ying-Spring point

(7). Shàoshāng (LU 11), Jing-Well point

2. The Large Intestine Meridian of Hand-Yangming手阳明大肠经

 

(1). Shāngyáng (LI 1), Jing-Well point

(2).  Sānjiān (LI 3), Shu-Stream point

(3).  Hégǔ (LI 4), Yuan-Primary point

(4). Yángxī (LI 5), Jing-River point

(5). Shǒusānlǐ (LI l0)

(6). Qūchí (LI 11), He-Sea point

(7). Bìnào (LI 14)

(8). Jiānyú (LI 15)

(9). Yíngxiāng (LI 20)

3. The Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming 足阳明胃经

(l). Chéngqì (ST 1)

(2). Sìbái (ST 2)

(3). Dìcāng (ST 4)

(4). Jiáchē (ST 6)

(5). Xiàguān (ST 7)

(6). Tóuwéi (ST 8)

(7). Liángmén (ST 21)

(8). Tiānshū (ST 25), Front-Mu point of the large intestine

(9). Shuǐdào (ST 28)

(10). Guīlái (ST 29)

(11). Fútù (ST 32)

(12). Liángqiū (ST 34), Xi-Cleft point

(13). Dúbí (Wàixīyǎn, ST 35)

(14). Zúsānlǐ (ST 36), He-Sea point, Lower He-Sea point of the stomach

(15). Shàngjùxū (ST 37), Lower He-Sea point of the large intestine

(16). Tiáokǒu (ST 38)

(17). Xiàjùxū (ST 39), Lower He-Sea point of the small intestine

(18). Fēnglóng (ST 40), Luo-Connecting point

(19). Jiěxī ( ST 41), Jing-River point

(20). Nèitíng (ST 44), Ying-Spring point

(21). Lìduì (ST 45), Jing-Well point

4. The Spleen Meridian of Foot-Taiyin 足太阴脾经

(1). Yǐnbái ( SP 1), Jing-Well point

(2). Tàibái (SP 3), Shu-Stream and Yuan-Primary point

(3). Gōngsūn (SP 4), Luo-Connecting point, Confluent point (confluent with Chōng-Thoroughfare Vessel)

(4). Sānyīnjiāo (SP 6)

(5). Dìjī (SP 8), Xi-Cleft point

(6). Yīnlíngquán (SP 9), He-Sea point

(7). Xuèhǎi (SP 10)

(8). Dàhéng (SP 15)

(9). Dàbāo (SP 21), Major Luo-Connecting point of the spleen

5. The Heart Meridian of Hand-Shaoyin手少阴心经

(l). Jíquán (HT l)

(2). Shàohǎi (HT 3), He-Sea point

(3). Tōnglǐ (HT 5), Luo-Connecting point

(4). Yīnxì (HT 6), Xi-Cleft point

(5).  Shénmén (HT 7), Shu-Stream and Yuan-Primary point

(6). Shàochōng (HT 9), Jing-Well point

6. The Small Intestine Meridian of Hand-Taiyang 手太阳小肠经

(1). Shàozé ( SI 1), Jing-Well point

(2). Hòuxī (SI 3), Shu-Stream point, Confluent point (confluent with Dū-Governor Vessel)

(3). Wàngǔ (SI 4), Yuan-Primary point

(4). Yǎnglǎo (SI 6), Xi-Cleft point

(5). Zhīzhèng (SI 7), Luo-Connecting point

(6). Xiǎohǎi (SI 8), He-Sea point

(7). Jiānzhēn (SI 9)

(8). Tiānzōng (SI 11)

(9). Quánliáo (SI 18)

(10). Tīnggōng (SI 19)

7. The Bladder Meridian of Foot-Taiyang 足太阳膀胱经

(1). Jīngmíng (BL 1)

(2). Cuánzhú, Zánzhú (BL 2)

(3). Tiānzhù (BL 10)

(4). Fēngmén (BL 12)

(5). Fèishū (BL 13), Back-Shu point of the lung

(6). Juéyīnshū (BL 14), Back-Shu point of the pericardium

(7). Xīnshū (BL 15), Back-Shu point of the heart

(8). Géshū (BL 17), Influential point of blood

(9). Gānshū (BL 18), Back-Shu point of the liver

(10). Dǎnshū (BL 19), Back-Shu point of the gallbladder

(11). Pǐshū (BL 20), Back-Shu point of the spleen

(12). Wèishū (BL 21), Back-Shu point of the stomach

(13). Shènshū (BL 23), Back-Shu point of the kidney

(14). Dàchángshū (BL 25), Back-Shu point of the large intestine

(15). Pángguāngshū (BL 28), Back-Shu point of the bladder

(16). Cìliáo (BL 32)

(17). Wěizhōng (BL 40), He-Sea point, Lower He-Sea point of the bladder

(18). Gāohuāng (BL 43)

(19). Zhìshì, Jīnggōng (BL 52)

(20). Zhìbiān (BL 54)

(21). Chéngshān (BL 57)

(22). Fēiyáng (BL 58), Luo-Connecting point

(23). Kūnlún (BL 60), Jing-River point

(24). Shēnmài (BL 62), Confluent point (confluent with Yángqiāo-Yang Heel Vessel)

(25). Jīnggǔ ( BL 64), Yuan-Primary point

(26). Zhìyīn (BL 67), Jing-Well point

8. The Kidney Meridian of Foot-Shaoyin 足少阴肾经

(1). Yǒngquán (KI 1), Jing-Well point

(2). Rángǔ (KI 2), Ying-Spring point

(3). Tàixī (KI 3), Shu-Stream and Yuan-Primary point

(4).  Dàzhōng (KI 4), Luo-Connecting point

(5). Zhàohǎi (KI 6), Confluent point (confluent with Yīnqiāo-Yin Heel Vessel)

(6).  Fùliū (KI 7), Jing-River point

(7). Yīngǔ ( KI 10), He-Sea point

(8). Shūfǔ (KI 27)

9. The Pericardium Meridian of Hand-Jueyin 手厥阴心包经

(l). Tiānchí (PC 1)

(2). Qūzé (PC 3), He-Sea point

(3). Xìmén (PC 4), Xi-Cleft point

(4).  Jiānshǐ (PC 5), Jing-River point

(5). Nèiguān (PC 6), Luo-Connecting point, Confluent point (confluent with Yīnwéi-Yin Link Vessel)

(6). Dàlíng (PC 7), Shu-Stream and Yuan-Primary point

(7). Láogōng (PC 8), Ying-Spring point

(8). Zhōngchōng (PC 9), Jing-Well point

10. The Triple Energizer Meridian of Hand-Shaoyang 手少阳三焦经

(1). Guānchōng (TE 1), Jing-Well point

(2). Zhōngzhǔ (TE 3), Shu-Stream point

(3). Yángchí (TE 4), Yuan-Primary point

(4). Wàiguān (TE 5), Luo-Connecting point, Confluent point (confluent with Yángwéi-Yang Link Vessel)

(5). Zhīgōu (TE 6), Jing-River point

(6). Tiānjǐng (TE 10), He-Sea point

(7). Jiānliáo (TE 14)

(8). Yìfēng (TE 17)

(9). Ĕrmén (TE 21)

(10). Sīzúkōng (TE 23)

11. The Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang 足少阳胆经

(l). Tóngzǐliáo (GB l)

(2). Tīnghuì (GB 2)

(3).  Qūbìn (GB 7)

(4). Shuàigǔ (GB 8)

(5). Wángǔ (GB 12)

(6). Běnshén (GB 13)

(7). Yángbái (GB 14)

(8). Tóulínqì (GB 15)

(9). Fēngchí (GB 20)

(10). Jiānjǐng (GB 21)

(11). Rìyuè (GB 24), Front-Mu point of the gallbladder

(12). Jīngmén (GB 25), Front-Mu point of the kidney

(13). Dàimài (GB 26)

(14). Huántiào (GB 30)

(15). Fēngshì (GB 31)

(16). Yánglíngquán (GB 34), He-Sea point, Lower He-Sea point of the gallbladder, Influential point of tendons

(17). Guāngmíng (GB 37), Luo-Connecting point

(18). Xuánzhōng, Juégǔ (GB 39), Influential point of marrow

(19). Qiūxū (GB 40), Yuan-Primary point

(20). Zúlínqì (GB 41), Shu-Stream point, Confluent point (confluent with Dài-Belt Vessel)

(21). Zúqiàoyīn (GB 44), Jing-Well point

12. The Liver Meridian of Foot-Jueyin 足厥阴肝经

(1). Dàdūn (LR 1), Jing-Well point

(2). Xíngjiān (LR 2), Ying-Spring point

(3). Tàichōng (LR 3), Shu-Stream and Yuan-Primary point

(4). Zhōngfēng (LR 4), Jing-River point

(5). Lígōu (LR 5), Luo-Connecting point

(6). Qūquán (LR 8), He-Sea point

(7). Zhāngmén (LR 13), Front-Mu point of the spleen, Influential point of zang organs

(8). Qīmén (LR 14), Front-Mu point of the liver

 

Section two  The Eight Extra Meridians  

 

1. Governor Vessel 督脉

(1). Chángqiáng (GV 1), Luo-Connecting point

(2). Yāoshū (GV 2)

(3). Yāoyángguāng (GV 3)

(4). Mìngmén (GV 4)

(5). Zhìyáng (GV 9)

(6). Dàzhuī (GV 14)

(7). Yǎmén (GV 15)

(8). Fēngfǔ (GV 16)

(9). Bǎihuì (GV 20)

(10). Shàngxīng (GV 23)

(11). Shéntíng (GV 24)

(12). Sùliáo (GV 25)

(13). Shuǐgōu, Rénzhōng (GV 26)

Confluent point: Hòuxī (SI 3), the Small Intestine Meridian of Hand-Taiyang

2. Conception Vessel 任脉

(1). Zhōngjí (CV 3), Front-Mu point of the bladder

(2). Guānyuán (CV 4), Front-Mu point of the small intestine

(3). Qìhǎi (CV 6), Origin of cardia

(4). Shénquè (CV 8)

(5). Xiàwǎn (CV 10)

(6). Zhōngwǎn (CV 12), Front-Mu point of the stomach, Influential point of fu organs

(7). Tánzhōng (CV 17), Front-Mu point of the pericardium, Influential point of qi

(8). Tiāntū (CV 22)

(9). Liánquán (CV 23)

(10). Chéngjiāng (CV 24)

Confluent point: Lìeqūe (LU 7), the Lung Meridian of Hand-Taiyin

3. Thoroughfare Vessel

4. Belt Vessel

5. Yin Link Vessel

6. Yang Link Vessel

7. Yin Heel Vessel

8. Yang Heel Vessel

 

 

Section three  The Fifteen Collaterals  

 

1. Lìeqūe, the collateral of Lung Meridian, Luo-connecting point Lìeqūe (LU 7)

2. Piānlì, the collateral of Large Intestine Meridian, Luo-connecting point Piānlì (LI 6)

3. Fēnglóng, the collateral of Stomach Meridian, Luo-connecting point Fēnglóng (ST 40)

4. Gōngsūn, the collateral of Spleen Meridian, Luo-connecting point Gōngsūn (SP 4)

5. Tōnglǐ, the collateral of Heart Meridian, Luo-connecting point Tōnglǐ (HT 5)

6. Zhīzhèng, the collateral of Small Intestine Meridian, Luo-connecting point Zhīzhèng (SI 7)

7. Fēiyáng, the collateral of Bladder Meridian, Luo-connecting point Fēiyáng (BL 58)

8. Dàzhōng, the collateral of Kidney Meridian, Luo-connecting point Dàzhōng (KI 4)

9. Nèiguān, the collateral of Pericardium Meridian, Luo-connecting point Nèiguān (PC 6)

10. Wàiguān, the collateral of Triple Energizer Meridian, Luo-connecting point Wàiguān (TE 5)

11. Guāngmíng, the collateral of Gallbladder Meridian, Luo-connecting point Guāngmíng (GB 37)

12. Lígōu, the collateral of Liver Meridian, Luo-connecting point Lígōu (LR 5)

13. Chángqiáng, the collateral of Governor Vessel, Luo-connecting point Chángqiáng (GV 1)

14. Jiūwĕi/Wĕiyì, the collateral of Conception Vessel, Luo-connecting point is Jiūwĕi (CV 15)

15. Dàbāo, the Major collateral of spleen, Luo-connecting point Dàbāo (SP 21)

 

Section four  The Commonly Used Extra Points  

 

1. Sìshéncōng (EX-HN1)

2. Tàiyáng (EX-HN5)

3. Ĕrjiān (EX-HN6)

4. Shàngyíngxiāng (EX-HN8)

5. Ānmián

6. Yìntáng

7. Zǐgōng (EX-CA1)

8. Dìngchuǎn (EX-B1)

9. Huàtuójiájǐ (EX-B2)

10. Luòzhěn

11. Bāxié (EX-UE9)

12. Sìfèng (EX-UE10)

13. Shíxuān (EX-UE11)

14. Bǎichōngwō (EX-LE3)

15. Xīyǎn (EX-LE5)

16. Dǎnnáng (EX-LE6 )

17. Lánwĕi (EX-LE7)

18. Bāfēng (EX-LE10)

 

Essentials

Original and explanation



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