Etiology and Pathology


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1. Concept and classification of etiological factors

2. Six exogenous pathogenic factors

3. Pestilential factors

4. Seven emotional factors

5. Improper diet

6. Over-strain, stress and lack of physical exercise

7. Pathological products


Texts and notes

1. General Introduction

1.1. Concept and classification

1.2. Method of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) in finding out the etiological factors

2. Six Exogenous Pathogenic Factors

2.1. Concept

2.2. Common characteristics in causing diseases

2.3. The properties of the six exogenous factors and their specific pathological influence on the body

(1). Wind

(2). Cold

(3). Damp

(4). Dryness

(5). Fire (heat)

(6). Summer heat

3. Pestilential Factors

3.1. Basic concept

3.2. Characteristics

4. Seven Emotional Factors

4.1. Basic concept

4.2. Relationship between the seven emotional factors and essential qi of the internal organs

4.3. Characteristics of seven emotional factors in causing diseases

(1). Direct attack on the internal organs

(2). Attack on the qi activities of the Zang-fu organs

(3). Emotional factors will cause emotional syndromes

(4). Changes of the seven emotions will affect the conditions of the diseases

5. Improper Diet

5.1. Improper eating

(1). Lack of eating

(2). Overeating

5.2. Intake of unclean food

5.3. Overindulgence in particular food

6. Over-strain, Stress and Lack of Physical Exercise

6.1. Over-strain

(1). Over-working

(2). Stress

(3). Over-sexual activity

6.2. Lack of exercise

7. Pathological Products

7.1. Phlegm fluid

(1). Formation of phlegm fluid

(2). Characteristics of phlegm fluid in causing diseases

7.2. Stagnant blood

(1). Formation of stagnant blood

(2). Characteristics of stagnant blood in causing diseases

(3). Characteristics of stagnant blood in causing diseases




1. Strength between anti-pathogenic qi and pathogenic qi

2. Disharmony of yin and yang

3. Abnormal essence, qi and blood

4. Abnormal metabolism of body fluid

5. Endogenous “five-pathogenic qi”

6. Progress of disease


Texts and notes

1. Introduction

2. Basic pathogenesis

2.1. Strength between anti-pathogenic qi and pathogenic qi and changes of excess and deficiency

(1). Pathogenesis of excess and deficiency

(2). Changes of excess and deficiency

(3). Strength between anti-pathogenic qi and pathogenic qi and prognosis of diseases

2.2. Disharmony of Yin and Yang

(1). Excess of yin and yang

(2). Deficiency of yin and yang

(3). Mutual injury between yin and yang

(4). Exclusion of yin and yang

(5). Collapse of yin and yang

2.3. Abnormal essence, qi and blood

(1). Abnormal essence

(2). Abnormal qi

(3). Abnormal blood

(4). Relationship among essence, qi and blood

2.4. Abnormal metabolism of body fluid

(1).Fluid deficiency

(2).Dysfunctions of distribution and excretion of body fluid

(3).Imbalanced relationship among fluid, qi and blood

2.5. Endogenous “five-pathogenic qi”

(1). Concept

(2). Internal wind

(3). Internal cold

(4). Internal damp

(5). Internal dryness

(6). Internal fire

3. Progress of disease

3.1. Focus transmission

(1). Focus transmission

(2). Transmission of exogenous diseases

(3). Transmission of the endogenous diseases

3.2. Transformation of the nature of diseases

(1).Transformation of cold and heat

(2). Interchange between deficiency and excess



Original and explanation