Please register first, then login your account to buy the course

Differential diagnosis of syndromes



Differential diagnosis of syndromes based on the eight principles


1. To make differentiation for the interior and exterior

(1). Exterior syndrome

(2). Interior syndrome

(3). To differentiate the exterior syndromes from the interior ones

2. To make differentiation for the cold the heat

(1).Cold syndrome

(2).Heat syndromes

(3).To differentiate the cold syndromes from the heat ones

(4).The relations between the cold-heat and exterior-interior

Exterior cold syndrome

Exterior heat syndrome

Interior cold syndrome

Interior heat syndrome

3. To make differentiation of deficiency and excess

(1). Deficiency syndromes

(2). Excess syndromes

(3). To differentiate the deficiency syndromes from the excess ones

(4). The relations between the deficiency and excess, exterior and interior, and cold and heat

Exterior deficiency syndrome

Exterior excess syndrome

Interior deficiency syndrome

Interior excess syndrome

Syndrome of cold due to Yang deficiency

Syndrome of heat resulting from Yin deficiency 

Cold excess syndrome

Excess heat syndrome

4. To make differentiation for Yin and Yang

(1). Yin syndrome

(2). Yang syndrome

(3). To differentiate Yin syndromes from Yang ones




Differential diagnosis of syndromes based on the theory of etiology


1. Syndromes of six exogenous pathogens

1.1. Syndromes of pathogenic wind

1.2. Syndromes of pathogenic cold

1.3. Syndromes of pathogenic summer heat

1.4. Syndromes of pathogenic dampness

1.5. Syndromes of pathogenic dryness

1.6. Syndromes of pathogenic fire

2. Syndromes of seven emotions

3. Syndromes of irregular diet, overstrain, and lack of physical exertion

3.1. Syndromes of irregular diet

3.2. Syndromes of overstrain and lack of physical exertion

3.3. Syndromes of overindulgence in sex

4. Syndromes of traumatic injury

4.1. Syndromes of injury by cold weapons and trauma

4.2. Syndromes of animal and insect bite



Differential diagnosis of syndromes according to the meridian-collateral theory


1. Syndromes of diseases of the twelve regular meridians

1.1. Syndrome of diseases of Lung Meridian of Hand Taiyin

1.2. Syndrome of diseases of Large Intestine Meridian of Hand Yangming

1.3. Syndrome of diseases of Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming

1.4. Syndrome of diseases of Spleen Meridian of Foot Taiyin

1.5. Syndrome of diseases of Heart Meridian of Hand Shaoyin

1.6. Syndrome of diseases of Small Intestine Meridian of Hand Taiyang

1.7. Syndrome of diseases of Bladder Meridian of Foot Taiyang

1.8. Syndrome of diseases of Kidney Meridian of Foot Shaoyin

1.9. Syndrome of diseases of Pericardium Meridian of Hand Jueyin

1.10. Syndrome of diseases of Sanjiao (Triple Energizer) Meridian of Hand Shaoyang

1.11. Syndrome of diseases of Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang

1.12. Syndrome of diseases of Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin

2. Syndrome of diseases of the Eight Extraordinary Meridians

2.1. Syndrome of diseases of Du meridian

2.2. Syndrome of diseases of Ren meridian

2.3. Syndrome of diseases of Chong meridian

2.4. Syndrome of diseases of Dai meridian

2.5. Syndrome of diseases of Yangqiao and Yinqiao meridians

2.6. Syndrome of diseases of Yangwei and Yinwei meridians



Differential diagnosis of syndromes according to the Zang-Fu organ theory


1. Syndrome differentiation of liver diseases

1.1. Stagnation of liver Qi

1.2. Flaring up of liver fire

1.3. Deficiency of liver blood

1.4. Deficiency of liver Yin

1.5. Hyperactivity of Liver Yang

1.6. Damp-heat in liver and gallbladder

2. Syndrome differentiation of heart diseases

2.1. Heart Qi deficiency

2.2. Heart blood deficiency

2.3. Flaring of excessive heart fire

2.4. Obstruction of heart meridian and collaterals

3. Syndrome differentiation of spleen diseases

3.1. Spleen Qi deficiency

3.2. Deficiency of spleen Yang

3.3. Sinking of Qi in middle Jiao

3.4. Spleen unable to control blood

3.5. Cold-dampness surrounding spleen

4. Syndrome differentiation of lung diseases

4.1. Lung Qi deficiency

4.2. Lung Yin deficiency

4.3. Wind-cold attacking lung

4.4. Invasion of lung by wind-heat

4.5. Invasion of lung by pathogenic dryness

4.6. Obstruction of lung by damp-phlegm

5. Syndrome differentiation of kidney diseases

5.1. Kidney Yang deficiency

5.2. Kidney Yin deficiency

5.3. Kidney Qi being infirm

6. Syndrome differentiation of concurrent diseases of Zang-Fu organs

6.1. Incoordination between heart and kidney

6.2. Coexistent Yang deficiency of heart and kidney

6.3. Coexistent Qi deficiency of heart and lung

6.4. Coexistent deficiency of heart and spleen

6.5. Blood insufficiency of heart and liver

6.6. Liver fire flaring to attack lung

6.7. Incoordination between liver and spleen

6.8. Disharmony between liver and stomach

6.9. Coexistent Yin deficiency of liver and kidney

6.10. Yang deficiency of spleen and kidney

6.11. Qi deficiency of spleen and lung

6.12. Yin deficiency of lung and kidney